7.26.2017

Photography would not be as much fun without a little risky experimentation. Right?

So, let's play "guess this lens."

Last night was the dress rehearsal for Zach  Theatre's production of Million Dollar Quartet and I was in a quandary. I really wanted to play with my new GH5 but the only Panasonic lens I currently have for it is the 12-60mm f3.5-5.6. It's a nice lens; especially for a kit lens, but that long end is really slow for shooting stage shows and, actually, the long end isn't that long. I was looking around for something closer to the 90-100mm range. I guess I could have cobbled on my older Nikon 105mm f2.5 or something but I wanted the ability to recompose on there fly and that meant I really wanted something zoom-y. 

Yesterday's discussion about the Olympus 12-100mm lens really whetted my appetite but I felt a bit reticent, after having dropped kilo-bucks on the GH5, to return to the trough too soon... that, and the fact that projects have been a bit "light on the ground" this Summer. Something to do with having an overweight position in healthcare clients in the middle of a period of funding uncertainty brought about by our elected officials...

So I rummaged around in the equipment cases and came across two copies of a very old lens that would work with one of my Pen FT to m4:3 adapters. It's a lens I seldom use and one I never had much luck  with on the first and second generation of micro four thirds cameras: it's the Pen FT 50 to 90mm f3.5 zoom lens. 

I carefully inspected the glass and tried it on the GH5, just shooting inane images around the studio. I set the image stabilization on the GH5 to 90mm since I figured that was the focal length I'd need the most help with, and the one I'd mostly be shooting at the theater. I dived into my saved archives and found an original Modern Photography Magazine review of the Olympus PenFT lenses from 1970. Yes, that's 47 years ago. It's a lens that hit the market when I was twelve or thirteen years old....

I hadn't remembered the magazine's scoring but I was pretty surprised when I found it. They rated the lens as "excellent" in both the center and edges at f3.5 and f4.0. The sharpness dropped off as it was stopped down but never fell below "good." It's pretty impressive that the lens hit such good performance metrics wide open and at all focal lengths. Two things help this lens; one is the very low zoom ratio and the other is many fewer lens elements than current zooms. While I know that modern zooms can correct all sorts of things with moving lens groups and fancy elements I also know that mechanical precision and tolerances can be a bitch to achieve and thereby deliver the theoretical performance in the "real world." A lens in which on the zoom mechanism and the focusing group moves may not self-optimize for close ups but a nice, tight mechanical package will less often fail or go out of pristine alignment. 

After a bit of shooting and testing I dropped the lens and camera into my tool bag, along with the reliably good fz2500 and headed over to see the show. 

Here are my few observations after examining about 650 shots from the GH5+Ancient lens combination: 

1. Manual focusing with moving targets on a dark stage using an older lens that shoots at the stopped down aperture can be a bear. Focus peaking seems to be, in this case, more of a general guide than a precision measurement.... I'm assuming that practice would really be helpful and I'll have to shoehorn in some addition time behind the finder to the schedule. But here's the deal; if you hit focus you are rewarded with a fairly sharp and detailed image. You can't blame poor lens performance on your own focusing inadequacies. Sorry, that doesn't fly. If the lens is sharp on a tripod it's a sharp lens. If it's dull because you can't focus it's still a sharp lens. 

2. Older lenses seem to transmit color differently. I keep saying it's more rounded but that may not convey what I really mean. The color tonality just looks different to me than current lenses or mid-1990's Zeiss lenses. Rounded. Less fine gradation?

3. The I.S. at 90mm with the camera set to the same was very good. You could see it in the finder as you touched the shutter button; the frame calmed down and got very stable. I didn't notice much of a problem with wider focal lengths, but, again, we're just heading down from 90mm to a minimum of 50mm. 

I'll readily admit that I think the big Sony A7Rii does a better job with this kind of stage photography but only because there's so much more detail to work with. I'm not bothered by noise in the GH5 files (shot here at 1250) but I do hit a resolution limit. Part of that could be the resolution of the lens but when I look closely I see the kind of difference that 20 megapixels vs. 42 megapixel shows.

The zoom, focus and aperture rings of the 50-90mm lens are smooth and still well damped. They roll between your fingers exactly like high priced, precision engineering is supposed to work. They are so smooth that you end up wanting an excuse to focus or zoom. Kinda nutty, for sure. 

Don't think that I'm being unfair to my client by tossing in this kind of experimentation. On some level there is the expectation that we'll find a look that resonates with the time period of the play. On another level you have to understand that this was the third rehearsal I've shot of the same play and we covered the hell out of it on Sunday night. Also, playing is good. Fun is good. 

While I'm getting more and more serious about the Olympus 12-100mm f4.0 (modern lens) I am slowing down that acquisition and spending a bit more time exploring this fun, new, 47 year old lens I have attached to the GH5. If the lens does a good job with moving stage actors from halfway up the house I'm looking forward to walking around with the combination to see what we can do in fun sun with time to focus diligently. 

Finally, the lens looks funny on the camera. It's long and skinny. But to my eye it looks just like the Angenieux 12-120mm I used to have on the front of my Bolex Rex 5, 16mm movie camera. Hmmm. I wonder if that lens would work on m4:3 ??????



9 comments:

Anonymous said...

This recent article on photography life may be of interest to those thinking about lenses

http://bit.ly/2v8or6y

Rick

MO said...

you might think You miss out on some resolution. But if You shot those files in jpeg The colours and skintones look awsome!

Kirk Tuck said...

I read his snarky "satire" of legacy lenses and found it a bit patronizing. Not my cup of tea. Mansurov is a good writer; that doesn't mean he's always right.

Kirk Tuck said...

Hi MO. All the images I shot at Zach Theatre last night were Jpegs. I think the new Panasonic do a great job with skin tones and colors in Jpeg! Thanks.

Alex said...

Ah, the (in retrospect) not-so-good-old-times of manual focus. Today I happily use my AF, save in the knowledge that its more acurate than me in my long gone prime with a Nikon FmM and a Tri-X. But then you are highly trained in these things, Kirk.

(I even contemplate getting myself a zoom lens, ther Olympus 2.8/12-40, just for the sake of having an alternative to these primes of mine)

Michael Matthews said...

I don't know about the conditions under which this sample was shot, but it does have one tele-to-wide zoom that makes for interesting viewing. And it offers one way to mount the Angenieux to a Panasonic GFH series camera.

https://vimeo.com/177995290

EdPledger said...

I have way too many legacy lenses, but I like the feel and rendition of the various brands. Sometimes it's a Nikkor fancy, sometimes Canon FD or Topcor, but for small size and excellent optics, the PenFT lenses have a special niche. I dug out my 50-90 after reading your article, a nice copy that was very inexpensive, and concur with your evaluation. Sharp, smooth operation, perfectly adequate for many purposes except for close focus. The 100mm lens is also a bargain, excellent optics, but many copies have oily apertures, so buyer beware. When I win the lottery I might pick up the rare ones, like the 60 or the 38 macro.

Anonymous said...

Wow. Panasonic have really nailed colours in their latest cameras. Coupled with that lens those pictures look superb. Great work!
Mark

jimmyreina said...

"I dived into my saved archives and found an original Modern Photography Magazine review of the Olympus PenFT lenses from 1970."

Was this a tease, do you really have such a magazine collection?

You don't really have to publish this, it's just that lately have been yearning for some old mags, and this statement tickled my fancy.